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Sore throats are very common and usually nothing to worry about. Most sore throats are caused by minor illnesses such as cold or flu and can be treated at home. You may experience discomfort, pain, or a scratchy painful feeling in the back of your throat. If you have a sore throat, it could hurt to swallow or to talk. A sore throat caused by a virus resolves on its own.

Strep throat, a less common type of sore throat caused by bacteria, requires treatment with antibiotics in order to prevent health complications.

Sore throat Signs and Symptoms:


  • Pain or a scratchy sensation in the throat

  • Difficulty swallowing

  • Pain with swallowing or talking

  • Hoarse voice

  • Swollen, red tonsils

  • Sore, swollen glands in your neck or jaw

  • White patches or pus on your tonsils

Sore throat Treatment:

Antibiotics if bacterial infection is suspected:

  • Amoxicillin

  • Augmentin if Amoxicillin failed

  • Azithromycin if allergic to PCNs

  • Cephalosporin antibiotics (cefuroxime, cefdinir) 

  • Doxycycline

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